Podolsky wrote: ↑Mon May 17, 2021 6:42 am
Disagree. To design a building - not necessary to open ArchiCAD (AutoCAD, Revit, Vectorworks) and start to draw. You can take a paper and start draw with a pen. And many architects still do that.
After you open web-site - some sort of chat interface with a bot and typing:
I need a building, located there and there, this amount of floors, that kind of structure, modern (or traditional). This way - communicating with robot and answering to its questions - you designing a building. Results are showing on the screen as previews.
Absolutely the same way, how some architects designing without touching computers - just instead of robot they have drafters.
So, robot is creating BIM file and at any moment person can connect to the file using BIM program and continue (if he wants) to work in BIM environment.
So, why not? Today the similar way we are using a lot of things. For example - when we take a photo with iPhone. We actually instead could say: "No, no! We don't need AI in photo processing! We need RAW file and will process everything manually in PhotoShop."
So why it's bad to have automatic function, that can convert PointCloud scan into BIM model completely automatically? Or help to make proposals for planning application and build later complete model with all necessary construction documentation?.....
So you're not replacing the designer but rather the drafter.
And you're replacing them with a "bot" or rather simple (read: "dumb") algorithm that intakes input and data performs some preconfigured calculations and then spits out imagery (or sets of imagery) that the actual designer then uses to decide how to proceed.
First of all, that's not AI in any real sense of the word.
That's more akin to an advanced of glorifed calculator combined with a spreadsheet/diagram generator that's replicating or replacing the functions that a drafter would have done.
It's not actually "designing" or making any actual decisions with regards to solving design issues and problems. And it's certainly not proposing any design solutions, concepts or ideas.
All that is coming from your end.
Secondly, we hardly use "drafters" in the traditional sense anymore.
Most people who work in the role that used to be considered "drafters" are now expected to do more than just "draft" or translate sketches into linework drawings and such.
You normally want someone who can quickly and accurately read design situations, solve a lot of the minor issues themselves using their own knowledge and experience and in general contribute more than just being an outlet through which images are spat out.
That part of the process is also not being replaces by AI or "bots" anytime soon.
Most of the people on these roles go on to be architects and designers or building technologists themselves and it is this part of the process that is a part in their preparation and training to end up being so - ideally under the supervision and tutelage of more experienced hands.
Put another way, the role of the designer and drafter are more often one in the same in a lot of offices.
So who's being replaced by the "bot", really?
Even if we're to assume that you're going to replace the architectural interns, and junior level designers with AI and bot functions and only have senior experienced architects and designers playing the role of supervising these bots and algorithms and making those "high level" design decisions, how do they get to be "senior" designers" or even architects, when the route we have as a profession to gain a large degree of that knowledge and experience has been eliminated?
Thirdly, your grossly over-simplifying everything, particularly in your examples and comparisons.
As an case in point, your example regarding Pointcloud scans.
There's no pointcloud scanning technology that I know of that has the level of resolution that gives you a scan of such great granular detail and precision on one end, and then (through some magic of algorithmic technology, I guess) you have spat out at the other end, a highly detailed and mostly accurate CAD drawing or 3D digital model of the same. A table-top and an slab are the same digital information to a pointcloud scanner, as are a wall and the side of a cabinet. So which gets drawn/modeled into a wall in the drawing?
Especially if this whole part is happening, as you seem to envision, without human input or intervention.
At some point you'd still have to have an actual human go and painstakingly clean up whatever information is produced like that for it to make sense from a building and construction perspective.
Yes, certain aspects of the design process such as space planning can greatly benefit from some kinds of algorithmic intervention and technology (like evolutionary or genetic algorithms) - particularly when they involve huge datasets, the possibility of an incredibly high number of options and more calculations than we normally care to deal with. Nobody is denying that in these situations the profession would benefit in advancements that take advantage of things like AI-assisted algorithms, iterative algorithms, or the other kinds of algorithmic computational methods I pointed out above.
But to imagine that at any point they're going to replace the human element wholesale in our field in particular and as has happened to some extent in some other (non-creative, more mass-production based) fields, is just closer to delusion and fantasy (rooted in a paucity of comprehension of the field of architecture) than any practical reality that any of us will ever see in our lifetimes.
In my opinion.